A veteran language teacher outlines why it's important and strategies that work. By Arnie Cooper Both ESL theory and classroom practice point to an understanding of the target culture as a necessary element in second language learners' ability to master English. In this country, nothing offers a clearer window into our culture than the media. In so doing, it provides an excellent springboard for a broad spectrum of skill building activities for English language learners.
Opportunity to form new friendships Therapeutic for people suffering from depression Helpful in times of crisis and mourning Reminiscing can be Casual or Formal Formal: Videos, movies, slides, diaries, journals, Life Review structured reminiscing and pictures. Reminiscing sessions can be conducted one on one, in groups or with family.
How to Conduct a Reminiscing Session One on one session: A casual visit to a resident is an opportunity to reminisce about a theme of his choice or from a conversation you start. If you are doing a room visit, look around at pictures or objects inside the room to start the conversation.
Allow the residents to talk at his pleasure and listen attentively; let them take you where they want to go. Residents may say things to you they don't tell their families. One on one reminiscing promotes communication and strengthens rapport with staff. One of the best ways to promote social contact in a residential setting is by matching people with similar interests into small groups; 3 to 4 people and holding regular sessions to develop trust and rapport.
The focus of reminiscing can be an event, an era, past lives, themes such as 'spring' or 'Pets' or 'Favourite Toys'. Photos and videos are excellent sources for reminiscing as are cherished objects and handmade items from the past.
Feeling textures such as embroidery and patch work can also be very stimulating. How to develop a successful reminiscing group: A room or a verandah where participants are not distracted by noise.
A table with a group of participants; preferably composed of males and females.
A theme or a list with prompting questions to start the conversation. Ask questions directed to all participants and allow ample time for participants to answer.
Don't interrupt them; it may be that someone else will add a comment or volunteer a different point of view. Be sensitive; don't put participants in a position where they may reveal things they don't want to.
Be supportive of those who repeat themselves; guide them gently to focus on something else by asking another question. Tips for group reminiscing: Reminiscing sessions should last 45 to 60 minutes more if they are having fun, less if they lose focus.
Weekly group meetings with the same participants is one option. Use humour whenever you can.
Bring props and other paraphernalia if the session calls for it. Weddings - veil, wedding gown, bride magazines. Cooking - old utensils, rolling pin, potato peeler, strainer.Confessions of a Casting Director: Help Actors Land Any Role with Secrets from Inside the Audition Room - Kindle edition by Jen Rudin.
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Some might think that direct instruction involves simply getting in front of the class and teaching the required material. But direct instruction can be so much more than that! We, as teachers, need to be doing more to get our students engaged in taking an active role in their learning.
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