As what Zacharia stated that in daily life most people conduct research to gain knowledge. A research can be carried out qualitatively or quantitatively depends on the research purposes and needs and the type of information the researcher is seeking. My concern in this essay is to briefly share my understandings about basic concepts of qualitative research that I gained from my readings on some books on qualitative research methods as well as from the class discussion with lecturer and colleagues on qualitative research course at the university.
Social research is a collection of methods people use to systematically combine theories and ideas to produce knowledge. Because of Theory and reseach methods essay complexity, researchers must be able to carefully select a method or methods that will best suit their study objectives.
Quantitative research method consists of: The correlation and survey will be the two main methods that will be emphasized. In a survey research, people are asked questions either through the use of questionnaires or during an interview.
Unlike the experiment approach, the condition and situation in a survey requires no manipulation. All the subject have to do is to answer questions. Good quantitative research is determined by validity and reliability of the research method used Teevan, The goal in this research was to determine which sons of the two distinct social groups mentioned, were to likely make more money in the future.
Therefore, they surveyedmales age 16 and 19 that was still living with their fathers. After the eleven year period the same groups of men were again surveyed, and their incomes was correlated with their fathers. The research revealed that overall sons of wealthy fathers was more likely to earn higher salaries than their dads.
Based on this fact the researcher further generalized that sons of wealthy fathers was more than likely to obtain a higher income than those sons of lower income fathers. Despite the overall results a small percentage of sons of fathers in the lower income families made more money than their father.
Class Discussion The class discussion evolved around two questions. The first question was; do you agree with the researcher's angle in which he derived a general assumption that, sons of wealthy fathers will make more money than sons of lower income fathers?
Before allowing anyone to answer I quickly brought up the third variable which was attitude, in addition to the previous question.
This question had two very interesting but opposing points of views brought to light by two very different opinionated classmates. One classmate female agreed with the researchers measures and assumptions, arguing on the bases that if your father had more money than you are more than likely to get a better education therefore, with this education one will be able to earn more money.
She further added that wealtheir families had higher expectations on their children and as a result the child were likely to live up to that expectation. On the contrary, the other classmate male disagreed with the researcher's approach and generalization.
His argument was that regardless of how rich one's father may be it is solely dependent upon the individual's attitude. However, given a hypothetical situation both the classmate including myself and others agreed that on a general basis, sons of wealthier fathers will be more likely to secure better jobs than those sons of fathers in lower income.
We further discussed the importance of the third variable which was attitude and agreed on how important it is to be motivated. The question of validity was also brought up during discussions because the researcher measured wealth using only the income of the father.
Further discussions of this suggested that to get a better measure the average of both mother and father's income should be taken. Finally, there was the last question; in the case of this article what is the independent and dependent variable?
Independent variable is the cause and the dependent is the outcome resulting from the cause. The article suggested independent variable was the sons of either rich or poor dads and the dependent variable was did they make more than their fathers.
Discussions of this topic concluded that the independent variable be the attitude of the son and the dependent was how much they made. This means that the researcher begins with a specific result. In this case the results are based onmale subject aged taken from one area, and generalizes the results to the overall population.
Due to the results of this research, the researcher concluded that overall, sons of wealthy fathers were making more money than those sons who's fathers were in less favorable financial status. This generalization yields questions of reliability because of the fact that the research was done onmales in one area.
Reliability is defined as when a the method of conducting a study where the results can be replicated or duplicated by another researcher without a change in result. For example, measuring height with an elastic ruler may not be as reliable as measuring it with a stiff ruler because the elasticity would cause the results to vary from one time to the next Gray, Several criticisms can be made about the reliability of this research due to the method used to derive a conclusion.
First of all, if this same research was to be done in another area, the results may differ.Aug 22, · Both qualitative and quantitative research are empirical methods relevant to the social sciences, and can be used together to bolster understanding of a specific subject, population, theory, issue, or set of variables.
To be good theory, a theory must follow the virtues (criteria) for `good' theory, including uniqueness, parsimony, conservation, generalizability, fecundity, internal consistency, empirical riskiness, and abstraction, which apply to all research methods.
Essay planning and writing for the AS and A Level sociology exams – hints and tips. The research methods section of the AS sociology (2) exam (research methods and topics in sociology) consists of one short answer question (out of 4 marks) and one essay question (out of 16 marks).
Published: Mon, 11 Dec INTRODUCTION. This chapter presents the research methodologies adopted for the research. A combination of both qualitative and quantitative methodological approaches was adopted by the researcher in order to attain a realistic result from the research.
Guided by a relevant theory, you are given a basis for your hypotheses and choice of research methods. Articulating the theoretical assumptions of a research study forces you to address questions of why and how.
Essay on About String Theory. M-Theory: The Mother of all SuperStrings An introduction to M-Theory Every decade or so, a stunning breakthrough in string theory sends shock waves racing through the theoretical physics community, generating a feverish outpouring of papers and activity.